|Population||69 million (2016)|
|GDP at PPP (current international dollars)||1.2 trillion (2016)|
|GDP per capita at PPP (current international dollars)||16,946 (2016)|
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With well-developed agro-industries and a highly competitive agriculture export program, Thailand has been a powerful promoter of subregional agricultural trade. Thailand has developed world renowned agriculture products, including Jasmine rice, and has established the capacity to use agriculture to decrease rural poverty and drive economic growth. The country is working to increase private sector participation in agriculture, and is cooperating with GMS partners in defending against cross-border disease, and building climate resilience.
Thailand is working with its GMS partners to mitigate global warming and lower carbon emissions throughout the subregion. This includes sharing information and working together on developing renewable energy, clean fuels, energy efficiency and conservation. Thailand has a policy of working with its GMS partners to develop local energy sources, such as biomass, solar, and wind energy that reduce the dependence on fossil fuels.
With abundant water, forest, fish, and wildlife resources, Thailand is improving water security, decreasing forest cover loss, and managing solid and hazardous waste within its borders and throughout the subregion. Thailand has decentralized management of the environment to local communities, and has partnered with the private sector to enhance and protect the environment. Thailand is home to the GMS Environmental Operations Center, which coordinates environmental initiatives for the subregion.
Thailand works with its GMS partners to maintain a wide range of human resource development activities. These include skills development and the mutual recognition of vocation skills. The country is also combating human trafficking, and has worked to decrease the cross-border transmission of disease.
As an active partner in subregional telecommunications programs, Thailand is developing cross-border connections under the GMS Information Superhighway Network. Thailand is also working with its GMS partners to develop information and communication technology for rural applications.
Thailand is one of the world’s top tourist destinations, and is seen as a gateway for promoting GMS as a single destination for global travelers. The country’s top destinations include Bangkok, Chiang Mai, and seaside resorts in Pattaya and Phuket. The government is working to encourage sustainable tourism that highlights cultural identity, and promotes the conservation of nature and the environment.
As an active member of the GMS Business Forum, Thailand is promoting private sector investment in the subregion, and is encouraging Thai companies to trade with neighboring countries. Thailand is working with its GMS partners to improve trade by easing the flow of goods and services across borders. It is coordinating with subregional partners on customs procedures; inspection and quarantine measures, and trade logistics.
Thailand’s well-developed transport system is an important part of the GMS economic corridors, which focus investment and development on vital highway systems. Thailand has been a driver of economic growth on the North-South Economic Corridor (Kunming-Bangkok Road); the East-West Economic Corridor; and the Southern Economic Corridor. Thailand has worked with its GMS partners to upgrade portions of these important economic corridors and encourage cross border investments aligned with subregional highways.
The joint declaration, entitled "Committed to Inclusive and Sustainable Development in the GMS," was issued at the 5th Greater Mekong Subregion Summit of Leaders in Bangkok, Thailand on 19-20 December 2014.
BANGKOK, THAILAND (20 December 2014) — The President of the Asian Development Bank, Takehiko Nakao, completed a 2-day visit to Bangkok today, where he participated in the 5th Leaders’ Summit of the Greater Mekong Subregion and met top officials of the host country to discuss ADB’s deepening partnership with Thailand.
BANGKOK, THAILAND (19 December 2014) — The President of the Asian Development Bank, Takehiko Nakao, today met with Prayuth Chan-ocha, Prime Minister of Thailand, Finance Minister Sommai Phasee, and Bank of Thailand Governor Prasarn Trairatvorakul to discuss Thailand’s recent economic performance and examine possible areas of further cooperation with ADB. He will also participate in the 5th Leaders Summit of the Greater Mekong Subregion.
The Development Partners’ Assistance Matrix for the GMS Economic Cooperation Program is an inventory of development partners’ ongoing and planned subregional projects in the GMS.
This assessment indicates a mixed performance for the Transport Sector Strategy Study, 2006-2015 based on an assessment of the overarching goals upon which the study was based.
PHNOM PENH, CAMBODIA (10 December 2014)– In an effort to highlight the contribution of youth to the Greater Mekong Subregion, the Asian Development Bank is assisting 36 national youth representatives from Mekong countries on a journey of learning, to culminate in a youth message to the 5th GMS Summit to be held in Bangkok, Thailand next week.
The Thirteenth Meeting of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Working Group on Human Resource Development (WGHRD-13) was held in Ha Noi, Viet Nam on 29-30 October 2014 with the theme “Strengthening Human Resource Development Cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion.”
A long stretch of road linking several provinces of Myanmar, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Thailand and Viet Nam is home to many impoverished farmers. But things are slowly changing. Thanks to an improved road system, farmers now have an opportunity to distribute their agricultural products over long distances, reaching large, rich markets across the region. Farmers are also adding value to agricultural
This issue of the Journal of Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Development Studies features five articles of subregional importance spanning the subjects of free trade areas, tourism, and human trafficking.