People's Republic of China

Quick Facts

Yunnan Province
Population48 million (2016)
GDP at PPP (current international dollars) 424 billion (2016)
GDP per capita at PPP (current international dollars)8,125 (2015)
Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
Population56 million (2016)
GDP at PPP (current international dollars) 520 billion (2016)
GDP per capita at PPP (current international dollars) 8,614 (2015)
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The southern parts of the People’s Republic of China that are part of the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) are rich in agriculture. The Yunnan region produces rice, corn, barley, wheat, rapeseed, sweet potatoes, soybeans, tea and other crops, as well as livestock. Because the area is mountainous, Yunnan is also home to spectacular rice terraces. The Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region is similarly blessed with a wide variety of agricultural products, including oranges, rice, beans, corn, cassava, cinnamon, bananas, vegetables, durian, pineapples, and tea, as well as livestock. Both areas trade products and expertise with their GMS neighbors.

The PRC has established itself as a leader in the development of renewable energy, and the GMS member areas of Yunnan and Guangxi are no exception. Hydropower, wind and solar projects operate in the areas. The two regions also benefit from the rural electrification programs of the national Government, and share renewable energy expertise with their GMS partners.

Yunnan and Guangxi are rich ecological areas with much to contribute to the GMS environment sector. Guangxi is mountainous, with a diverse range of plant life. More than a third of Yunnan is forested, twice the average of other regions in the PRC. Yunnan has more species of tropical, subtropical, temperate, and frigid-zone plants than anywhere else in the country. Both areas are seeking sustainable management of their environments in coordination with their GMS partners.

The Chinese regions of the GMS have been active participants in human resource development. Yunnan and Guangxi have conducted cross-border health cooperation programs, and short-term training courses in numerous fields. Government scholarships have also been offered to GMS students, and a great number of educational exchanges have been held. Yunnan and the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region also cooperate with their GMS partners on migration issues, the protection of women and indigenous groups, and youth development.

Yunnan and Guangxi have in recent years upgraded their telecommunication connections with Myanmar, Lao PDR, and Viet Nam. Work is also underway to expand Internet links to Thailand.

The two Chinese regions of GMS are home to a vast array of popular tourism sites, not only for domestic tourism, but also for visitors from surrounding GMS countries. Guangxi, for example, is a top destination for visitors from Viet Nam. In Yunnan, tourism infrastructure is being developed with a focus on community participation. Both Guangxi and Yunnan are developing meeting and convention tourism that draws visitors from GMS countries.

Trade between neighboring GMS countries and the Yunnan and Guangxi regions of PRC has grown exponentially in the last ten years. Myanmar, Viet Nam and Thailand are top trading partners of Yunnan, and comprise a significant proportion of their trade. Yunnan and Guangxi have coordinated on enhancing cross-border trade with their GMS neighbors, and have acted as a gateway to greater trade with the PRC.

In the area of transport, Yunnan and Guangxi have played an important role in the development of road networks, and economic corridors, that bind the Greater Mekong Subregion together. This includes the Yunnan Expressway (Chuxiang–Dali), and the Southern and Western Yunnan roads. The expansion of rail services has also been a key aspect of Yunnan and Guangxi’s contribution to transport in the subregion. The Singapore-Kunming rail project is another important link in the GMS transport system.

ADB and PRC: Fact Sheet

1st Meeting of the GMS Environment Ministers: Joint Ministerial Statement

We, the Ministers from the six GMS countries, namely, the Kingdom of Cambodia, People’s Republic of China (PRC), Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), the Union of Myanmar, Kingdom of Thailand, and Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, assembled for the first time in Shanghai, PRC reaffirm our commitment to the pursuit of the shared vision of growth, equity, and prosperity for the Subregion as enunciated by the first GMS Summit of Leaders held in Phnom Penh in November 2002.

Fourth Meeting of the Trade Facilitation Working Group: Summary of Proceedings

The Fourth Meeting of the Trade Facilitation Working Group (TFWG-4) was held on 11-12 November 2004 in Kunming, Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China. The Meeting was co-chaired by Mr. Sun Yuanjiang, Director, Department of International Trade and Economic Affairs, Ministry of Commerce, People's Republic of China; and Mr. Robert Boumphrey Director, and Ms. Lingling Ding, Trade Economist, Governance, Finance and Trade Division, Mekong Department (MKGF), alternating for ADB.

First Meeting of the Regional Power Trade Coordination Committee (RPTCC-1): Summary of Discussions

The First Meeting of the Regional Power Trade Coordination Committee (RPTCC-1) was held in Guilin, PRC on 13-14 July 2004. The Meeting was co-organized by the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and China Southern Power Grid Co. (CSG) of the People's Republic of China (PRC), and the Asian Development Bank (ADB).

Joint Summit Declaration: 1st GMS Summit of Leaders

We, the Heads of Government of the Kingdom of Cambodia, the People’s Republic of China, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, the Union of Myanmar, the Kingdom of Thailand and the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam, assembled for the first time in Phnom Penh, Cambodia for the GMS Summit of Leaders on the tenth anniversary of the Program of Economic Cooperation in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS Program), to reaffirm our commitment to the subregional economic cooperation,