Agriculture

Agriculture is the backbone of the Greater Mekong Subregion’s economies. With over 60% of the subregion’s 340 million inhabitants engaged in small-scale agriculture, it directly supports the livelihoods of nearly 200 million people.


While agriculture is the cornerstone of many families’ livelihoods, it is also exacting a toll on the environment, contributing to forest and biodiversity loss, water pollution and shortages, soil degradation, and greenhouse gas emissions.

People and governments in the Greater Mekong Subregion are working to develop agricultural practices that simultaneously conserve land and water resources, while at the same time increasing the productivity and profitability of agriculture, particularly for small-scale farmers.

Countries are pooling resources and expertise to increase the competitiveness of their agricultural products and encourage investment in agribusiness, while at the same time conserving the environment and natural resources. This involves research and technology that emphasizes climate-friendly agricultural development, including participation by the private sector with a focus on food security. This work is being guided by the Core Agriculture Support Program Phase II (CASP II) 2011-2020, supported by the Government of Sweden (Sida), Nordic Development Fund, Water Financing Partnership Facility, and Asian Development Bank.

At the 2nd GMS Agriculture Ministers' Meeting in Siem Reap, Cambodia on 6-8 September 2017, the ministers endorsed a strategy to promote safe and environment-friendly agriculture products, and a plan to strengthen value chain integration, involving smallholder farmers, rural women, as well as small and medium-sized agro-enterprises.

Related

Core Agriculture Support Program Phase I (2006-2010)
Core Agriculture Support Program Phase II (2011-2015)
Summary of Proceedings
GMS Working Group on Agriculture website

ADB Promotes Harmonized Food Safety, Market Access in GMS

The GMS Pavilion will showcase about 200 safe and environment-friendly food products by 35 small and medium-sized food companies in the subregion. Photo: ADB.

ADB Promotes Harmonized Food Safety, Market Access in GMS

BANGKOK, THAILAND (31 May 2017) — The Asian Development Bank and the Greater Mekong Subregion Working Group on Agriculture today opened a series of events on the theme "Discover GMS: Asia's Natural Hub" during the Thaifex World of Food 2017 at Bangkok's Impact Exhibition Center from 31 May to 4 June.

News Releases

Viet Nam is helping farmers respond to climate change to protect their harvests and their livelihoods. Photo: ADB.

Viet Nam is helping farmers respond to climate change to protect their harvests and their livelihoods. Photo: ADB.

In Viet Nam, Government and Farmers Find New Ways to Manage Climate Change

New laws, policies, training centers—and plenty of infrastructure upgrades like water pumps and irrigation systems—are helping Vietnamese farmers deal with the challenges of weather, geography, and climate change.

Articles

Agriculture officials in the Greater Mekong Subregion met in Viet Nam to discuss how to strengthen the production and trade of safe and environment-friendly agriculture products. Photo: ADB.

GMS Officials to Reinvigorate Trade, Climate Friendly Agriculture Products

DA NANG, VIET NAM (29 July 2016) – At the 13th Annual Meeting of the Working Group on Agriculture of the Greater Mekong Subregion, agriculture officials discussed ways to improve food safety and trade, climate friendly agriculture and bioenergy and biomass management.

News Releases